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Germination of

Rosa x hybrida

Florist's Tea Rose 'Double Pleasure', Double Delight Rose

Rosa x hybrida

Obtain Rose Seeds: You can obtain rose seeds from existing rose hips, which are the fruit of the rose plant. Allow the rose hips to fully ripen and turn red or orange before harvesting the seeds.

Seed Stratification: Rose seeds typically require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. This mimics the natural winter conditions they would experience in nature. To stratify the seeds, place them in a moistened paper towel or peat moss and then seal them in a plastic bag or container. Refrigerate them for about 8-12 weeks.

Prepare the Seed-Starting Mix: Fill your seed tray or pots with a good-quality seed-starting mix. Make sure it's well-draining but retains moisture.

Sow the Seeds: After the stratification period, remove the seeds from the refrigerator. Sow the seeds on the surface of the seed-starting mix. Gently press them into the mix, but do not bury them too deeply; 1/4 inch deep is typically sufficient.

Mist the Soil: Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil thoroughly. Ensure that the soil is evenly moist but not waterlogged.

Create a Mini Greenhouse: Cover the seed tray or pots with a clear plastic bag or plastic wrap. This creates a mini greenhouse effect that helps maintain humidity. You can also use a seed tray with a clear plastic lid.

Provide Light: Place the seed tray in a location with bright, indirect light. If you're using artificial lights, keep the lights about 6-12 inches above the seedlings. Roses need plenty of light for germination.

Maintain Moisture: Check the soil moisture regularly. The soil should remain consistently moist, but not soggy. Use a spray bottle to mist the soil if it starts to dry out.

Wait for Germination: Germination of rose seeds can take time, often several weeks to a few months. Be patient and keep monitoring the soil moisture and the appearance of seedlings.

Transplant Seedlings: Once the rose seedlings have grown large enough to handle, you can transplant them into individual pots or directly into your garden when they have at least two true leaves.

Harden Off: Before transplanting seedlings outdoors, gradually expose them to outdoor conditions over a period of a week or two. Start with a few hours of sunlight and increase the time each day.

Plant in Garden: When the risk of frost has passed, plant your rose seedlings in your desired garden location. Provide them with proper care and attention as they continue to grow.

Keep in mind that growing roses from seeds may result in a variety of outcomes, as roses can cross-pollinate easily. Therefore, the resulting plants may not be identical to the parent plants. It can be a fun and experimental process to see what unique roses you can grow!

Some of plants may have very have specific germination requirements that may not be covered in these general instructions. 

Many seeds require pre-treatment before sowing which we try to list here when we can, but this information may not be present here.  Germination times and germination temperatures are to be a guide only.  Many factors can DRASTICALLY affect this.


It's always a good idea to research the specific germination requirements from multiple sources for each plant before attempting to grow them from seed.

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